Phyllophorus (Phyllothuria) cebuensis   (Semper,  1867) (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Holothuroidea

Size: 42 mm length; perforated plates of length 230-245 μm; tables with length between 120-189 μm

Color: In live condition, the specimen is brownish gray, while ethanol-preserved specimen appears yellowish brown.

Dorsal and ventral surface thickly covered by podia and pedicels; body wall thick, soft and when dried, became reticulate due to the thick arrangement of spicules; tentacles dendritic, 20 in number, arranged in two whorls (15 +5). Single polian vesicle and stone canal. Calcareous ring with stout radials and interradials; radials with posterior bifurcate prolongations finger-shaped crown of spines; spire high, joined along its length by several bridges.

Spicules from ventral body wall include tables with undulating disc; spicules from pedicels consists of tables with undulating disc margin, and tables with curved rod-like disc with perforations on either end; spire ends in numerous spines of 75-102 μm length; dorsal podia consist of perforated plates; tentacular spicules include elongated rods with wavy margins.

Synonym (s)
Thyonidium cebuensis Semper, 1867

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal


• Kerala, Neendakara (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 76.88) INDIA (Record: 20/03/2010) (Depth: 20 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Deepa, RP and Kumar, AB (2011) New records of sea cucumbers Phyllophorus (Phyllothuria) cebuensis (Semper) and Trachasina crucifera (Semper) from the south-west coast of India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Kochi, India 58(4) 101-104 Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-03-14

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