Holothuria (Selenkothuria) erinaceus   Semper,  1868 (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Holothuriidae

Description
Size: 60mm-160mm

Colour: Light brown to brownish-black; small specimens are light pink in colour.

This species does not grow to a large size. Body spindle-shaped with a very soft body wall. Posterior end narrow with the anus surrounded by fine papillae; two posterior ends; tentacles small. Dorsally a few scattered papillae. Ventrally the pedicels are arranged in three bands. In the central band, the pedicels are arranged in two rows, and in the other two bands they are arranged in a single row; a single polian vesicle, very few cuvierian tubules present, radials rectangular with a distinct notch at the anterior end and a concavity at the posterior end; inter-radials half the size of the radials and have a distinct stump at the anterior end. Spicules mostly short, flat, dumb-bell shaped rods with a few lateral or tenninal holes. there are also a few oval plates with several holes at the margin.


Synonym (s)
Holothuria (Selenkothuria) erinaceus var. pygmaea Semper, 1868
Holothuria andersoni Bell, 1886
Holothuria marenzelleri Ludwig, 1883

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Rocky, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • James, DB (1995) Taxonomic studies of the species of Holothuria (Linnaeus, 1767) from the seas around India. Part 1 Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 92(1) 43-62 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7434/1/449-J._BOMBAY_NAT.HISTORY_SOC_1995.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-21

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