Elops saurus   Linnaeus,  1766 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: JAMARC

Size: Max length : 100.0 cm TL; Common length : 60.0 cm TL

Weight: 10.1 kg

Color silvery

Long slender body with small scales present over entire body. It has got a terminal mouth and deeply forked tail.Lower jaw is slightly shorter than the upper jaw and rather thickened at its extremity. Cleft of the mouth is oblique. Maxilla extends to rather behind the posterior margin of the orbit. Teeth are numerous and villiform in both jaws, while they are continued along the anterior edge of the maxilla, on vomer in a triangular patch and also on the palatines where there are about ten rows. Dorsal fin commences nearer to the base of the caudal fin than to the snout. It is highest in front with concave upper edge. Anal fin is more concave than the dorsal fins. Some scales are over the root of caudal fin.

Spawning in the open sea.

Synonym (s)
Elopidae saurus Linnaeus, 1766

Common Name (s)
• Ladyfish (English)
• Giant Herring (English)
• Manna (Tamil)
• Tarpan
• Rajputani
• Kalru
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal


• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Ramanathapuram INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at - http://www.nbaindia.org/docs/bulletin6-pulicatlake.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Tampi, PRS (1959) The ecological and fisheries characteristics of a salt water lagoon near Mandapam Journal of marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 1(2) 113-130 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1393/1/Tampi_113-130.pdf
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1634/2/Article_15.pdf
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Clupeidae Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-02

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