Astrotia stokesii   (Gray,  1846) (Marine Snake)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order:Squamata
Family:Elapidae

Image copyright: pbase

Description
Size: Average total length about 102 m.

Color: A large, heavily built snake with a broad and massive head in the adult. adult range from almost uniform creamy-white to leaden gray or almost black, sometimes with obscure dark ocelli or a paler reticulate pattern on the lower half of the body. Half- grown specimens with some obscure transverse dark-centered pale blotches along the vertebral line and below with two series of dark spots or blotches- one on the lower lateral surface alternating with the second series along the mid-ventral line.

Head shield large, symmetrical. Nasals in contact. Body scales imbricate, each with a median keel or series of tubercles, in 45-63 rows at mid-body.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Stokes' sea snake (English)
• Large Headed Sea Snake (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(This species is captured as bycatch in trawl fisheries.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy, Muddy
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography



Literature Source(s)
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Padmanaban, P; Venkatraman, C; Palot, MJ and Radhakrishnan, C. A checklist of Sea Snakes (Reptilia) of India Zoological Survey of India Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/India%20Sea%20Snake.pdf
  • Myers, P; Espinosa, R; Parr, CS; Jones, T; Hammond, GS and Dewey, TA (2006) Animal diversity web Available at - http://animaldiversity.org.
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Dunson W A (1975) The Biology Of Sea Snakes University Park Press 523pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-11-15

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