Mycale mannarensis   Thomas,  1968 (Sponge)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Demospongiae

Color: Black in living condition. In alcohol, black pigment oozes out immediately. Black colour is retained in dry condition to a certain extent.

Sponge encrusting. Rather fleshy and slimy to touch. Oscules and pores are not seen. Surface smooth and slimy. A well developed reticulation, supporting the dermal membrane, is present in the dermal part. Dermal membrane, not detachable from the underlying part. Pigment granules abundant throughout. Endosome is cavernous. Dermal skeleton is a well developed network of triangular meshes. Megascleres are in conspicuous and continuous bundles. Each bundle interesects the adjacent one at different angles. Apart from these bundles, tracts of raphides also are arranged in definite bundles. These two types of spicules together constitute a well developed dermal reticulation. Anisochelas are in prosettes. Main skeleton consists of fibres arranged at a slanting angle to the surface. The fibres are ill-defined. Spongin not visible.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Thomas, PA (1968) Studies on Indian Sponges III. Two species of silicious sponges of the family Ophlitaspongiidae de Laubenfels (Class : Demospongidae Sollas, Order: Poecilosclerida Topsent Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 10(2) 255-259 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-02-22

Back to Search