Uraspis helvola   (Forster,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Shao, K.T

Color: Body dark with seven black vertical bands; first dorsal black; tips of second dorsal, anal and caudal dusky; pectoral and ventral pale.

Head higher than long; eye with feeble eyelids; both the jaws with acute curved teeth in single series; tongue, floor of mouth and palate covered by white membrane, rest of the mouth dark; head naked, except cheek and part of operculum; breast naked; lateral line anteriorly feebly arched becoming straight below 14-15th dorsal ray; first dorsal low, fourth spine the longest; second dorsal and anal not produced; pre-anal spines embedded in skin; pectoral falcate. Body oblong and compressed; snout widely rounded; lower branch of first gill arch with 13 to 18 gill rakers; ventral area of chest up to origin of pelvic fins scaleless; lateral line arched anteriorly, with 23 to 40 strong scutes in the straight area; tongue, palate, and floor of mout

Synonym (s)
Caranx micropterus Ruppell, 1836
Caranx helvolus (Forster, 1801)
Leucoglossa candens Jordan, Evermann & Wakiya, 1927
Scomber helvolus Forster, 1801
Uraspis helvolus (Forster, 1801)

Common Name (s)
• Whitemouth Jack (English)
• Whitetongue Jack
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh and salted/dried)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy, Coastal


• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Kerala, Poonthura INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kalingapatnam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Kuthalingam, MDK; Rajagopalan, MS; Sreenivasan, PV; Lazarus, S and Livingston, P (1973) On some interesting fishes from the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 15 (2) 877-881 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1786/1/Kuthalingam_877-881.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Sreenivasan, PV (1974) On two new records of carangid fishes from Indian seas Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 21 (1) 20-28 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1137/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-19

Back to Search