Parribacus antarcticus   (Lund,  1793) (lobster)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image copyrights: Auscape International

Color: Bright yellow with a few scattered brownish blotches on carapace and abdomen ; orange spots on the proximal and distal part of the spines of the antennae.

Male: Antenna, carapace, abdomen and spiny portion of the telson covered with rounded squamiform tubercles; each tubercle surrounded by a fringe of hairs ; rostrum with an indistinct tooth, 4 more teeth before the cervical groove on the mid-line of carapace, of which the last three placed rather close; cardiac tooth distinct and blunt, but not erect; behind the cardiac tooth, 7 groups of submedian teeth ; teeth on the orbital margin blunt, but those on the anterior border are somewhat pointed ; totally 8 spines on the lateral border of carapace, of which two are placed before the cervical incision; a narrow groove on the posterior margin of carapace; distal segment of the antenna with 7 large sharply pointed teeth, one inner tooth and 4 smaller teeth on the outer margin; observed 6 and 7 spines on the outer margin of the left and right antennae respectively); exopod of the first, second and third maxillipeds with unsegmented flagelliun; transverse groove on the abdominal somites devoid of hairs and tubercles, they are broad in the first two and narrow in the rest of the somites; pereiopods slender; sternum with a pit in between the fourth walking legs; pleopods with elongated endopod and exopod which diminish in size from second to fifth abdominal somites.

Synonym (s)
Scyllarus antarcticus Lund, 1793
Cancer (Astacus) urrus major Herbst, 1793
Parribacus antarcticus Dana, 1952
Parribacus ursus major deMan, 1916
Parribacus antarcticus Holthuis, 1946

Common Name (s)
• Horseshoe Crab (English)
• Sculptured Mitten Lobster (English)
• Sculptured Slipper Lobster (English)
• Sea Cockroach (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Benthic


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 1977-1979)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island INDIA (Depth: 3 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • George, KC; Thomas, PA; Appukuttan, KK and Gopakumar, G (1986) Ancillary living marine resources of Lakshadweep Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Cochin 68 46-50 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Meiyappan, MM and Kathirvel, M (1978) On some new records of crabs and lobsters from Minicoy, Lakshadweep (Laccadives) Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 20(1-2) 116-119 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-02-28

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