Cultellus maximus   (Gmelin,  1791) (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:[unassigned] Euheterodonta
Family:Pharidae

Description
Size: 133.4 mm to 145.0 mm in length and 46.6 mm to 50.9 mm in height.

Colour: Outer surface of valves yellowish green, inner surface white.

Valves nearly thrice as long as high, elliptical in shape, equivalve, inequilateral, fairly thick, anterior and posterior margins rounded, dorsal and ventral margin straight. Hinge tooth of left valve more prominent than that of right valve. Adductor scars and pallial line prominent. Concentric striae present on outer surface of valves.


Synonym (s)
Solen nicobaricus Roding, 1798
Solen planus Lamarck, 1818

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 78.13) (Long: 8.58) INDIA (Record: 01/1994-12/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 79.5) (Long: 9.33) INDIA (Record: 01/1994-12/1995)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, KS; Dorairaj, K; Unnithan; Asokakumaran, K (1976) New records of five species of marine Molluscs from Mandapam area Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 18(3) 670-672 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1477/1/Rao.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Hameed, PS and Somasundaram, SSN (1998) A survey of bivalve molluscs in Gulf of Mannar, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Kochi, India 45(2) 177-181 Available at - http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IJF/article/download/8741/3650
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune

Page last updated on:2012-07-25

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