Harpiosquilla harpax   (de Haan,  1844) (Mantis Shrimp)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image copyrights: Tin-Yam Chan

Size: Total length is 29 mm.

The body is narrow and elongated, exposed hind body is about half the total length as measured from tip of the long slender rostrum to posterior margin of the telson. The raptorial claw of the second thoracic appendage is narrow and greatly elongated; the dactylus is only about half as long as the propodus. The telson has six large marginal carinae, with minute denticles between the submedian carinae, and also between the submedian and intermediate carinae. The anterolateral angle of the carapace has nine small spines on both sides. There are small dorsomedian spines on the posterior edge of the carapace which exposes the last three thoracic somites and another slightly longer spine on the median anterior side of the carapace. The eyes are pear-shaped and the stalks very long. The 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th thoracic somites are shortened, and their appendages are bud-like. The abdominal somites are also short and appendages are represented by a minute bilobed bud. This larva has all the appendages of the adult, either functional or represented by buds, and all the somites of the hind body. The rostrum is very short and pointed. The width of the carapace is about half its length. The carapace with the rostrum makes up almost exactly half of the total length.

Synonym (s)
Harpiosquilla malagasiensis Manning, 1978
Harpiosquilla paradipa Ghosh, 1987
Squilla harpax de Haan, 1849

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Demersal, Coastal


• Kerala, Narasayapalem (Lat: 17.84) (Long: 83.41) INDIA (Record: 20/03/2008) (Depth: 10-12 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Waltair INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Veena, S and Kaladharan, P (2010) Mantis shrimp larvae from the inshore waters of Visakhapatnam, India Marine Biodiversity Records Cambridge University Press 3 1-5 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1755267210001168
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-31

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