Cryptopodia fornicata   (Fabricius,  1787) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Parthenopidae

Image copyrights: Guido T. Poppe & Philippe Poppe

Description
Carapace 1.6 times broader than long, pentagonal, with large lateral expansions completely concealing ambulatory legs, prolonged posteriorly beyond the abdomen. Posterolateral margins convex, crenulated, posterolateral angles truncated; dorsal and ventral surfaces smooth to rough; branchial, cardiac and gastric regions elevated; deep triangular depression in centre of carapace; margins surrounding depression granulated, ridge of granules running from mesobranchial to metabranchial regions. Post rostral region depressed. Carapace with well developed lateroventral concavity into which ambulatory legs fi t. External surface of the third maxiliped smooth, pitted or granulated. Posterior expansion of cheliped palm dilated towards distal extremity; anterior and posterior margins of dorsal facet of palm denticulated with prominent teeth; merus fl at with winglike expansion at distal end, upper and lower margins of meri having 1-2 rows of longitudinal carinae; dactylus without setae.


Synonym (s)
Calappa albicans Bosc, 1802
Cancer fornicata Fabricius, 1787
Cryptopodia pentagona Flipse, 1930
Cancer fornicata Fabricius, 1781
Parthenope (Cryptopodia) fornicata de Haan, 1893
Cryptopodia fornicata H. Milne Edwards, 1834

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Point Calimere (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudumadam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Ravichandran, S; Anbuchezhian, R; Sivasubramaniyan, K and Rameshkumar, G (2010) Expansion of occurrence of two bat crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Parthenopidae) from the west to the southeast coast of India Biotemas Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina 23 (4) 163-167 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2010v23n4p163
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • poppeimages Available at - http://www.poppe-images.com/
  • Deb, M and Rao, GC (1993) A check-list of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda)of Bay islands Journal Of The Andaman Science Association Andaman Science association, Port Blair 8(1-2) 25-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-03

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