Coenobita brevimanus   Dana,  1852 (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Coenobitidae

Image copyright: J. Poupin.

Description
Color: Adults are brownish red, with chelae and ambulatory legs showing violet shades; young specimen light violet.Eyestalks brown to black.

Carapace longer than broader, shield strongly convex and punctuate. Ocular peduncles are sub-cylindrical, extending beyond proximal margins of ultimate antennal peduncular segment. Ocular acicles serrate. Antennal acicles not fused to second antennal peduncular segments. Meri of chelipeds have transverse rumples; outer surfaces of carpi have irregular tubercles, which develop into spines at inner margin. Left chelae large, with smooth convex outer face; ‘stridulatory’ ridge absent on outer surface. Outer surface of right chela has numerous tubercles; upper margin of palm with thick brush of long setae; left chela free of brush of setae on upper margin. Ambulatory legs with punctuate lateral faces; spinulose tubercles cover upper surfaces of carpi, propodi and dactyli; tubercles abundant on dactylus. Propodus and dactylus of second ambulatory leg flattened. Ventromesial face of left second and third pereopod each with longitudinal ridge of closely-set tubercles. Telson is slightly asymmetrical. Coxa of male separated slightly, flattened and symmetrical; no sexual tube formation.


Synonym (s)
Coenobita clypeatus var. puerto-galera Yap-Chiongco, 1938
(junior synonym)
Coenobita hilgendorfi Terao, 1913
(junior synonym)
Coenobita clypeata H. Milne-Edwards, 1837
Cenobita clypeata var. brevimanus Dana, 1852
Coenobita clypeata var. brevimanus Bouvier, 1890
Coenobita clypeatus Alcock, 1905
Coenobita brevimanus Rathbun, 1910

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Kerala, Thirumullavaram beach (Lat: 8.88) (Long: 76.55) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Reshmi, R and Bijukumar, A (2010) First report of the hermit crabs Coenobita brevimanus and Coenobita rugosus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura) from the Indian coast Marine Biodiversity Records Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 3 1-4 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1755267210001089
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Central Pacific Crustacea (Decapoda & Stomatopoda) Available at - http://decapoda.free.fr/

Page last updated on:2011-01-28

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