Stichopus herrmanni   Semper,  1868 (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Stichopodidae

Image copyrights: R.P. Deepa & A. Biju Kumar

Description
Color: yellowish-green, mottled with small dark black spots on the dorsal surface. Dorsal papillae grey with their tips brown coloured. Ventral side pale yellow with tube feet of same colour.

Body firm and rigid. Irregular and conspicuous conical warts in bivium arranged in eight rows; smaller papillae disbursed in between the conical papillae Trivium flat and with pedicels arranged in three bands along the radii. Mouth ventral, surrounded by a circle of conical papillae and twenty peltate yellowish tentacles. A single contracted polian vesicle and one stone canal ending in madreporic plate. Anus terminal. Cuvierian tubules absent. Calcareous ring with deeply indented radial pieces and small interradials. A deep notch at the rear of the radial plates. Dorsal body wall with small to large ‘C’ shaped rods. Tables supported by four pillars with rounded disc; four central and 12-14 marginal holes. The tower is of moderate length, with a broad crown bearing 8-12 spines. ‘C’ shaped rods occur in cluster. ‘S’ shaped rods (165μm long) and ‘x’ shaped rods (88μm long). Ventral body wall consists of tables (38- 44μm long), rosettes (31-40μm long) and ‘C’ shaped rods (156μm long). Tube feet on ventral side with tables of length between 36-50μm, rods of length 73-98μm and large perforated plates. rounded spiny or wavy disc having four to five central holes and 12-18 marginal holes. Perforation process present on one side or either side of the rod. Dorsal papillae consists of tables (40μm long), rosettes (34μm long) and ‘C’ shaped rods. Tentacle include small to large curved rods (length 137μm) with spiny undulations on one side.


Synonym (s)
Stichopus variegatus hermanni Semper, 1868
Stichopus variegatus var. herrmanni Semper, 1868

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Kerala, Trivandrum, Vizhinjam Coast (Lat: 8.36) (Long: 76.98) INDIA (Depth: 4 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Deepa, RP and Kumar, AB (2010) New records of the seacucumbers Holothuria (Semperothuria) imitans Ludwig and Stichopus herrmanni Semper (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea) from the southwestern coast of India Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 2(2) 712-715 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2010/February/o225426ii10712-715.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • James, DB. (1983) Sea cucumber and sea urchin resources and Beche-de-mer industry Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Fisheries Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 85-93 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-21

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