Raja miraletus   Linnaeus,  1758 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: Furlan, B.

Size: 35-63 cm TL.

Snout short and bluntly pointed; disc angular. Upper surface prickly only in young, nearly smooth in adults, underside smooth. Upper surface ochre to reddish-brown with scattered dark spots, underside white; two bright blue eyespots centered on the pectoral bases; may have a small dark spot on tip of snout. Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0.

Oviparous. Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother. Eggs are oblong capsules with stiff pointed horns at the corners deposited in sandy or muddy flats. Egg capsules are 4.2-4.6 cm long and 2.7-2.9 cm wide. About 40-72 eggs are lain by an individual in a year.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Brown ray (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
(Caught by ski-boat anglers.)

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine
Prey:  Feed on all kinds of benthic animals, also on fish offal.


• South West Coast (Lat: 7.11) (Long: 76.91) INDIA (Record: 05/2008)

Literature Source(s)
  • Chembian, JA (2010) Description of spawning ground and egg capsules of the batoid Raja miraletus Linnaeus, 1758 in the Wadge Bank, along the south-west coast of India Indian Journal of Fisheries The Director, Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Cochin, India 57(1) 13-16 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org

Page last updated on:2011-01-25

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