Cubiceps whiteleggii   (Waite,  1894) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: CSIRO

Size: 15-21 cm SL.

Color: Light to dark brown, fins dark; eye blue; young with dark band near base of tail.

Body moderately elongate and compressed. Ventral profile very convex. Caudal peduncle moderately deep, compressed, lacking scutes or keels. Snout blunt, forehead slightly arched. Mouth small, terminal or slightly inferior, barely reaching beyond anterior margin of eye. Upper jaw not protractile, almost totally covered by lacrimal (preorbital) bone when mouth closed. Eye large , its diameter subequal to snout length, slightly smaller than interorbit, centered on upper half of head. Low ridge extending over eye. Jaw teeth small, in a single series. Palatine teeth more elongate, in single row. Vomerine tooth patch small. Single median row of teeth on tongue. Dorsal spines (total): 11 - 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17 - 21; Anal spines: 2 - 3; Anal soft rays: 17 - 20; Vertebrae: 31 - 32.

Synonym (s)
Cubiceps natalensis Gilchrist & von Bonde, 1923
(junior synonym)
Cubiceps squamiceps (Lloyd, 1909)
(junior synonym)
Cubiceps whiteleggi (Waite, 1894)
(senior synonym)
Mulichthys squamiceps Lloyd, 1909
(junior synonym)
Psenes guttatus Fowler, 1934
(junior synonym)
Psenes squamiceps (Lloyd, 1909)
(junior synonym)
Psenes stigmapleuron Fowler, 1939
(junior synonym)
Psenes whiteleggii Waite, 1894
(senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Shadow driftfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh and could also be used as fishmeal or paste.)

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic
Prey:  Feeds mainly on salps.


• Kerala, Off Kollam (Lat: 8) (Long: 74) INDIA
• Kerala, Off Kollam (Lat: 11) (Long: 76) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Pillai, NGK; Bineesh, KK; Sebastine, M and Akhilesh, KV (2009) Lanternfishes (Myctophids): by-catch of deepsea shrimp trawlers operated off Kollam, south-west coast of India Marine Fisheries Information Service T&E Ser. Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi 202 1-4 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-01-24

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