Panulirus longipes   (A. Milne Edwards,  1868) (Spiny Lobster)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image Copyrights: FAO

Size: Max. total body length 30 cm; average length 20-25 cm; max. carapace length 12 cm; average carapace length 8-10 cm. The smallest ovigerous female has a total length of 14 cm.

Colour: Body, and especially the abdomen covered with numerous distinct round spots. Legs with light longitudinal streaks, which sometimes end just before a single pale spot. Antennulae with longitudinal streaks.

Antennular plate with two widely separated large spines, with scattered small spinules behind these. Exopod of third maxilliped present. No pubescent area on the abdominal somites behind the transverse groove. Anterior margin of pleura of abdominal somite two without distinct teeth. Transverse groove of abdominal somites with straight margins, not crenulated. Transverse grooves of abdominal somites 2-4 join the groove along the anterior margin of the corresponding pleuron.

Synonym (s)
Panulirus longipes bispinosus Borradaile, 1899
(Senior synonym)
Panulirus longipes longipes (Milne-Edwards, 1868)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Blue Spot Rock Lobster (English)
• Coral Crayfish (English)
• Long-legged Crayfish (English)
• Longlegged Spiny Lobster (English)
• Marine Crayfish (English)
• Marine Rock Lobster (English)
• Painted Crayfish (English)
• Red Cray (English)
• Tropical Rock Lobster (English)
• Tropical SpinyLlobster (English)
• White Whiskered Rock Lobster (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Rocky, Coastal


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)

Literature Source(s)
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • World Biodiversity Database Available at -
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Marine Species Identification Portal Available at -
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-03-08

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