Centrophorus squamosus   (Bonnaterre,  1788) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Elasmobranchii
Order:Squaliformes
Family:Centrophoridae

Image copyrights: Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N.

Description
A large, deepwater dogfish of the continental slopes. It is easily identified by its denticle pattern (leaf like flattened crowns on elevated pedicels extending above the denticle bases), shape of the pectoral fins (broadly angular without extended rear tips) and tooth morphology.

Feeds on fish and cephalopods.

Ovoviviparous, with number of young 5 per litter.


Synonym (s)
Centrophorus foliaceus Gunther, 1877
Centrophorus nilsoni Thompson, 1930
Centroscymnus fuscus Gilchrist & von Bonde, 1924
Encheiridiodon hendersoni Smith, 1967
Lepidorhinus hinbei Tanaka, 1918
Lepidorhinus kinbei Tanaka, 1918
(misspelling)
Lepidorhinus squamosus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Lepidorphinus foliaceus (Gunther, 1877)
(misspelling)
Machephilus dumerili Johnson, 1868
Squalus squamosus Bonnaterre, 1788

Common Name (s)
• leafscale gulper shark (English)
• Deepsea spiny dogfish (English)
• Deepwater spiny dogfish (English)
• Leaf-scale gulper shark (English)
• Nilsons deepsea dogfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Utilized for fishmeal and dried salted for human consumption; meat and fins (low value) and liver oil (very high value), and occasionally for its mature eggs; Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Open Sea, Coastal
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable

Biogeography


• Kerala, Kochi Fisheries Harbour INDIA (Record: 04/2008)
• Kerala, Kochi Fisheries Harbour INDIA (Record: 01/2008-06/2009) (Depth: 145-2400 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Akhilesh, KV; Hashim, M; Bineesh, KK; Shanis, CPR and Ganga, U (2010) New distributional records of deep-sea sharks from Indian waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin 52(1) 29-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5816/1/4.Akh.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Akhilesh, KV; Ganga, U; Pillai, NGK; Vivekanandan, E; Bineesh, KK; Shanis, CPR and Hashim, M (2011) Deep-sea fishing for chondrichthyan resources and sustainability concerns-a case study from southwest coast of India Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences NISCAIR 40(3) 347-355 Available at - nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/.../1/IJMS%2040(3)%20347-355.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-02-17

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