Hydrophylax maritima   L. f.  (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Magnoliopsida

Succulent, creeping, perennial herbs with a prominent 50-70 cm long tap root; stems much-branched, 4-angled, glabrous rooting at nodes. Leaves sessile, ovate, thick, coriaceous, acute or acuminate at apex; stipules 5-7 mm long, membranous, trancate, toothed, forming a cup, combined with the petioles or leaf bases. Flowers 8-12 mm long, pinkish-purple, white-tinged within, funnel-shaped, sessile, solidary, axillary. Fruits ellipsoid, compressed, corky, 3-4 winged, crowned by calyx-teeth, 2-loculed, 2-seeded; seeds 5-6 mm long, ovoid, black, grooved ventrally, peltately attached to the septum, usually one of the two very ill-developed.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine


• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Paradwip, Baroparia INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rodrigues, RS; Mascarenhas, A; Jagtap, TG (2011) An evaluation of flora from coastal sand dunes of India: Rationale for conservation and management Ocean & Coastal Management Elsevier B.V. 54(2) 181-188 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.11.005
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-23

Back to Search