Tephrosia purpurea   (L.) Pers.  (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Magnoliopsida

Image copyrights: Thingnam Girija

A much branched, erect, Perennial herb. Stem more or less hairy, leaves upto 13 cm long; Stipules lanceolate, linear-subulate, erect or reflexed, hairy, triangular. Flowers are reddish-purple, on terminal or leaf opposed peduncles. Pods are slightly recurved, glabrous or softly pubescent, 5-6 seeded. Flowering & Fruiting takes place in July-Dec. in Indian conditions.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Wild Indigo (English)
• Fish Poison (English)
• Tephrosia (English)
• Sarphonk सरफोंक (Hindi)
• Sharpunkha शरपुंखा (Hindi)
• Unhali (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats
(According to Ayurveda, plant is digestible, anthelmintic, alexiteric, antipyretic, alternative, cures diseases of liver, spleen, heart, blood, tumours, ulcers, leprosy, asthma, poisoning etc. According to Unani system of medicine, root is diuretic, allays thirst, enriches blood, cures diarrhea, useful in bronchitis, asthma, liver, spleen diseases, inflammations, boils and pimples; Leaves are tonic to intestines and a promising appetizer. Good in piles, syphilis and gonorrhoea.)



• Maharashtra INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Orissa, Paradeep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rodrigues, RS; Mascarenhas, A; Jagtap, TG (2011) An evaluation of flora from coastal sand dunes of India: Rationale for conservation and management Ocean & Coastal Management Elsevier B.V. 54(2) 181-188 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.11.005
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Flowers of India Available at - http://www.flowersofindia.net/
  • Purdue agriculture horticulture and landscape architecture Purdue University Available at - http://www.ag.purdue.edu/HLA/Pages/default.aspx
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-28

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