Spinifex littoreus   (Burm.f.)  (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Equisetopsida

Perennials; clum hard, stout, 30-100 cm or more tall, internode farinose. Blade 5-20 mm long, 2.3-3 mm wide, involute-subulate, curved, sharp pointed; sheath broad, overlapping; ligule a dense ring of hairs, 2-3 mm long. Staminate spikelets in umbellate spikes; rachis 4-9 cm long, pointed. Pistillate spikelets in a globose head; rachis 8-15 mm long. Staminate spikelets 8-12 mm long; glumes unequal, oblong-lanceolate, 7-9-veined, lower glume 4-6 mm long; lower lemma 5-veined, membranaceous; lower palea with keels winged and ciliate; upper lemma slightly indurate, palea not keeled; anther ca. 5.6mm long. Pistillate spikelets 10-12 mm long, narrowly lanceolate, smooth; lower glume oblong-lanceolate, many-veined; upper glume acute, 7-9-veined; lower lemma 5-veined, ovate-lanceolate; upper lemma lanceolate, smooth, ca. 10 mm long.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy


• East Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Manauli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Hare Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, West Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, New Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa, Paradeep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rodrigues, RS; Mascarenhas, A; Jagtap, TG (2011) An evaluation of flora from coastal sand dunes of India: Rationale for conservation and management Ocean & Coastal Management Elsevier B.V. 54(2) 181-188 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.11.005
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • eFloras.org Available at - http://www.efloras.org/
  • Stoddart, DR and Fosberg, FR (1972) South Indian sand cays Atoll Research Bulletin 161 1-25 Available at - http://si-pddr.si.edu/jspui/bitstream/10088/5054/1/00161.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-07

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