Lymnocryptes minimus   (Brunnich,  1764) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Scolopacidae

Image copyrights: pbase

Description
Size: length (including bill) 21cm

Smallest among the snipe with relatively shorter and shouter bill and much metallic green and purple sheen in the streaked dark brown upper plumage. Tail rather wedge shaped, uniformly dark, lacking central stripe of other snipes. Sexes alike.

Breeding: Extralimital

Synonym (s)
Scolopax minima (Brunnich, 1764)

Common Name (s)
• Jack Snipe (English)
• Chhota chaha (Hindi)
• Nano garkhod, Nani pankhapunch garkhod (Gujrati)
• Ullan (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(The species is threatened by the loss and degradation of its wetland habitats through afforestation, peat extraction and drainage for agricultural intensification. It also suffers from lead poisoning as a result of ingesting lead shot deposited on wetlands.)
Importance:  Commercial
(The species is hunted during the autumn migration )

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  adult and larval insects, annelid worms, small freshwater and terrestrial gastropods, tiny molluscs
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Andaman & Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • European environmental agency Available at - http://eunis.eea.europa.eu/
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Pande S, Sant N, Ranade S, Pednekar S, Mestry P, Deshpande P, Kharat S and Deshmukh V (2007) Avifaunal survey of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, January 2007 Indian Birds 3 (5) 162–180pp Available at - http://www.indianbirds.in/pdfs/Avifaunal%20survey%20of%20Andaman%20and%20Nicobar%20Islands,%20January%202007.pdf
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2007/October/2839-2847.pdf
  • Nayak, A.K. (2006) Status of migratory shorebirds at Bhitarkanika and Chilika wetlands on the east coast of India Waterbirds around the world. Eds. G.C. Boere, C.A. Galbraith & D.A. Stroud The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, UK 305-307pp Available at - http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/PDF/pub07_waterbirds_part3.5.16.pdf
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of European Birds: An Essential Guide to Bird s of Europe Available at - http://books.google.co.in/books?id=RgPTUkhiSmkC&pg=PT1656&dq=Gallinago+stenura&hl=en&sa=X&ei=MpkDUNH9MobtrQfwmqWaBg&ved=0CFsQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=Gallinago%20stenura&f=false
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1969) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 2 1-337pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-08-31

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