Hydrophasianus chirurgus   (Scopoli,  1786) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Jacanidae

Image copyrights: jan sevcik

Description
Size: 39-58 cm

Adult: Sexes alike, female slightly larger. Breeding: Head, face, throat and foreneck white; hind neck pale silky golden-yellow, edged with black line; upper and lower plumage chocolate-brown; rump, upper tail-coverts and tail black; wing-coverts white; tail long, pointed and sickle-shaped(Pheasant-like
0; legs and feet pale bluish with long spidery toes. Non-breeding: Cheifly dull brown and white with a black "necklace" on upper breast and without the long tail. Juvenile: Yellow on neck absent; black necklace broken up with white; and crown dull rufous-brown.

Voice: Loud musical me-e-ou in Breeding season.

Habits: Gregarious in non-breeding season, when flocks of 50 to 100 birds occur.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Pheasant-tailed jacana (English)
• Piho, Pihuya, (Hindi)
• Tamara kozhi (Malayalam)
• Jamudutoka jacana (Telugu)
• Mayil kozhi, Manal pura (Tamil)
• Panmor, Kamalpakshi, Kamaltari, Panpeepuli (Marathi)
• Jal manjar, Kathayi jalmanjar (Gujarati)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Aquatic insects, molluscs
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • NaturePhoto-CZ Available at - http://www.naturephoto-cz.com/
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balachandran S, Sathiyaselvam P and Panda S (2009) Bird atlas of Chilika Bombay Natural History Society 2-325pp Available at - NIO
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Urfi AJ (2003) The birds of Okhla barrage bird sanctuary, Delhi, India Forktail 19 39-50pp Available at - http://www.orientalbirdclub.org/publications/forktail/19pdfs/Urfi-Okhla.pdf
  • Deiva Oswin S (1999) Avifaunal diversity of Muthupet mangrove forest Zoo's print journal 14(6) 47-53 Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/1999/June/47-53.pdf
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2007/October/2839-2847.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-10-11

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