Francolinus pondicerianus   (Gmelin,  1789) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Hanne & jens eriksen

Size: 60 cm

A plump, sub-tailed greyish brown gamebird with chestnut blotching above and fine wavy black and buff vermiculations, and chestnut tail. Throat rufous-buff circumscribed by a broken blackish line. Sexes alike, but cock with a pointed spur on each leg.

Voice: A ringing, high-pitched, musical kateetar, kateetar, kateetar or pateela quickly repeated. The female has a less challenging pela, pela, pela, etc.

Nesting: Season-practically all year, varying locally. Nest- a grass-lined scrape in scrub jungle, ploughed field or grassland. Eggs- 4 to 8, cream colored or cafe aulait.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Grey Francolin
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Arkive: Images of life on earth Available at -
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-10-30

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