Pseudibis papillosa   (Temminck,  1824) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: J.M.Garg

Sexes alike. Head naked, covered with black skin except for an area on the crown which is covered with red papillae. Wings black, glossed with purplish and green, and with a large patch on the coverts; remainder of the plumage dark olive-brown, with slight greenish gloss on the back.
Iris dull orange-red, bill greenish-leaden, legs brick-red.
Bill long, slender and curved; toes are bordered by membrane which makes them slightly webbed at the base.

Field Identification: A large black bird easily identified by bare head, long curved beak and conspicuous white wing patch; perches on the trees and feeds on the ground.

Habits: The Black Ibis is a less of a marsh bird then the White Ibis and is generally found in open countries or in cultivation, feeding on the ground in pairs or in parties. They appear to be less incline to rest and mediate and always are busily engaged in searching the ground for fallen grains, insects, worms, crustacea and similar food. Keeps to favoured localities and roots in accustomed trees. Parties fly in wedge shaped formation like Geese and Cranes.

Nesting: Season- irregular from March to November, varying from different localities and also perhaps in different year. Nest- large, cup shaped lined with straws, feathers, grass and rags. High up in a tree, nest is solitary, occasionally two or three may be found together. Eggs- clutch consist of two to three eggs, moderately long oval, course, sea green, either unmarked or with spots and streaks of brown.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Black Ibis (English)
• Red-naped Ibis (English)
• Indian Black Ibis (English)
• Baza (Hindi)
• Nella kankanam (Telugu)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Generally frogs, fish and aquatic insects, occasionally lizards, scorpions
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Haryana, Kurukshetra INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Animal Photo Album Available at -
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Whistler, H (1949) Popular handbook of Indian Birds Gurney and Jackson 542pp Available at -
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at -
  • Gupta RC, Kaushik TK and Gupta PK (2012) WINTER MIGRATORY WETLAND BIRDS IN HARYANA ARE CONFRONTING ADVERSE CONDITIONS IN RURAL PONDS Resulting in reduction in arrival number: A case study of village Amin in Thanesar block in Kurukshetra district Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences 2 (1) 7pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-09-26

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