Pycnonotus cafer   (Linnaeus,  1766) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Size: 20 cm

A perky smoke-brown bird with partially crested black head, scale-like markings on breast and back, a conspicuous crimson patch below root of tail, and a white rump, the last particularly noticeable in flight. Sexes alike.

Nesting: Season- chiefly between February and May, varying with local conditions. Nest- a cup of rootlets, sometimes plastered outside with cobweds, in a bush or tree, 1 to 10m up. Eggs- 2 or 3, pinkishwhite, profusely blotched with purplish brown or claret.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Red-vented Bulbul (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Lizards, insects,spiders
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Mangalore, Nethravathi INDIA
• Mangalore, Pavoor INDIA
• Mangalore, Someshwar INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Port INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Ramitha, M and Vijayalaxmi, KK. (2001) A checklist of Birds in and around Mangalore University campus, Karnataka Zoos' Print Journal Department of Studies and Research in Applied Zoology, Mangalore University, Mangalagangothri, Karnataka, India. 16(5) 489-492 Available at -
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at -
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at -
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-10-30

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