Vitex trifolia   L.  (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Equisetopsida

Image copyrights: Arthur whistler

Size: A shrub up to 6 m tall.

Leaflets (1-)3, glabrous above (except for the midrib), densely greyish puberulous below. Median leaflet oblong-elliptical to obovate, 2.5-9.5 cm x 1.5-4 cm, with 6-13 pairs of lateral veins, on a 1-6 mm long petiolule, lateral leaflets sessile or subsessile. Cymes terminal and axillary, arranged in panicles; calyx 3-5 mm long, obscurely 2-lipped, with 5 small teeth, corolla blue to purple or violet, throat villous inside. Fruit globose to ovoid, 5-6 mm long, black or bluish-black when mature. V. negundo closely resembles V. trifolia but can be distinguished by its long-petioluled median leaflet and 3-5 leaflets.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine


• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Untawale, AG; Dwivedi, SN and Singbal, SYS (1973) Ecology of mangroves in Mandovi & Zuari estuaries & the interconnecting Cumbarjua canal of Goa Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR 2 47-53 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Plants and environments of Marshall Islands Available at -
  • Rodrigues, RS; Mascarenhas, A; Jagtap, TG (2011) An evaluation of flora from coastal sand dunes of India: Rationale for conservation and management Ocean & Coastal Management Elsevier B.V. 54(2) 181-188 Available at -
  • Agroforestree (AFT) Database World Agroforestry Centre Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-03-24

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