Tadorna ferruginea   (Pallas)  (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Rajiv Lather

Size: length c. 66 cm

Color: Male, with narrow black collar or ring round base of neck in breeding season; obsolete in winter. Female, similar but with head paler and whitish and no black collar. Young (immature). Like female but with a grey wash on scapulars and tertiaries.

Habits: Less gregarious than most other ducks. Usually seen in pairs and small parties, less commonly in flocks of twenty or more.

Breeding season: chiefly May and June. Nest, a thick pad of white down (the duck's own) in a hole or fissure in a cliff, often far from water and may be several hundred meters above a lake or bog. Eggs, 6 to 10, ivory white, moderately broad ovals, about equal at both ends.

Synonym (s)
Anas ferruginea (Pallas, 1764)

Common Name (s)
• Ruddy Shelduck (English)
• Bramhiny Duck (English)
• Rudy Shelduck (English)
• Brahminy Shelduck (English)
• Chakwa(male) (Hindi)
• Chakwi (female) (Hindi)
• Laal surkhab (Hindi)
• Thankath-thaaraavu, Chakravakam (Malayalam)
• Bapana chiluwa (Telugu)
• Thara (Tamil)
• Sarza, Charawak (Marathi)
• Brahmani batak, Surkhab, Bhagui surkhab (Gujarati)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(This species is hunted for commercial and recreational purposes)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
Threats:  Natural threats
(The species is also susceptible to avian influenza (strain H5N1) and is therefore threatened by outbreaks of the virus )

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Omnivorous, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic insect, reptiles.etc
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Birding in India and South Asia Available at - http://www.birding.in/
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1968) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 1 1-368pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-08-24

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