Prorocentrum minimum   (Pavillard, 1916) Schiller,  1931 (Dinoflagellate)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Peridinea

Image copyrights: Robin Raine

It is both, a heterotrophic (eat other organisms) as well as a autotrophic (photosynthetic) species.

Reproduction is both sexual and asexual.

Synonym (s)
Exuviaella mariae-lebouriae Parke et Ballantine, 1957
Exuviaella minima Pavillard, 1916
Prorocentrum cordiformis Bursa, 1959
Prorocentrum mariae-lebouriae (Parke et Ballantine) Loeblich III, 1970
Prorocentrum triangulatum Martin, 1929
Exuviaella minima Schiller, 1933
(Heterotypic synonym)
Prorocentrum cordiformis Bursa, 1959
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Ecosystem balance, Dangers
(It is known for producing dangerous toxins, particularly when in large numbers, called "red tides" because the cells are so abundant they make water change color. Also they can produce non-fatal or fatal amounts of toxins(venerupin, a hepatoxin) in predators (particularly shellfish) that may be eaten by humans.)

Habitat:  Pelagic
Predator:  Marine microorganisms and animal larvae.


• Karnataka, Old Port of Mangalore (Lat: 12.86) (Long: 74.88) INDIA (Record: 28/12/2005 - 13/01/2006)

Literature Source(s)
  • Harnstrom, k; Karunasagar, I and Godhe, A (2009) Phytoplankton species assemblages and their relationship to hydrographic factors-a study at the old port in Mangalore, coastal Arabian sea Indian journal of marine sciences NISCAIR 38(2) 224-234 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-02-09

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