Prorocentrum lima   (Ehrenberg, 1860) Stein,  1878 (Dinoflagellate)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Peridinea

Image copyrights: Hoppenrath, Mona


Synonym (s)
Cryptomonas lima Ehrenberg, 1860
Exuviaella lima (Ehrenberg) Butschli, 1885
Exuviaella marina Cienkowski, 1881
Exuviaella marina var. lima Schiller, 1931
Prorocentrum marinum Dodge et Bibby, 1973
Dinopyxis laevis Stein, 1883
(Heterotypic synonym)
Exuviaella marina var. lima (Ehrenberg) Schiller, 1933
(Homotypic synonym)
Exuviaella laevis (Stein) Schroder, 1900
(Heterotypic synonym)
Exuviaella cincta Schiller, 1918
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Ecosystem balance, Dangers
(It has been found to produce the Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) toxins: okadaic acid, DTX-1, DTX-2, in addition to a prorocentrolide and a Fast Acting Toxin (FAT).

Habitat:  Coastal


• Kerala, Punnapra INDIA
• Kerala, Chombala (Lat: 11.71) (Long: 75.55) INDIA (Record: 10/2001-09/2003) (Depth: 8 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Harnstrom, k; Karunasagar, I and Godhe, A (2009) Phytoplankton species assemblages and their relationship to hydrographic factors-a study at the old port in Mangalore, coastal Arabian sea Indian journal of marine sciences NISCAIR 38(2) 224-234 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at -
  • Sanilkumar, M G; Dr.Joseph, K J; Dr. Saramma, A V (2009) Planktonic Microalgae Microalgae in the Southwest Coast of India 34-114 Available at -
  • Jugnu, R and Kripa, V (2008) Prevalence of non toxic and harmful algal blooms along Kerala coast Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 3-5 Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-02-09

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