Amylax triacantha   (Jorgensen, 1899) Sournia,  1984 (Dinoflagellate)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Peridinea

Image copyrights: Mona Hoppenrath

It is a heterotrophic (eat other organisms) as well as a autotrophic (photosynthetic) species.

Reproduction is both sexual and asexual.

Synonym (s)
Amylax lata Meunier, 1910
Gonyaulax hyperborea (Cleve, 1900) Paulsen, 1903
Gonyaulax triacantha Jorgensen, 1899
Gonyaulax triacantha var. subinermis Conrad, 1939
(following synonymy on species level)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(Known for producing dangerous toxins, particularly when in large numbers, called "red tides" because the cells are so abundant they make water change color. Also they can produce non-fatal or fatal amounts of toxins in predators (particularly shellfish) that may be eaten by humans.)

Habitat:  Pelagic
Predator:  Marine microorganisms and animal larvae.


• Karnataka, Old Port of Mangalore (Lat: 12.86) (Long: 74.88) INDIA (Record: 28/12/2005 - 13/01/2006)

Literature Source(s)
  • Harnstrom, k; Karunasagar, I and Godhe, A (2009) Phytoplankton species assemblages and their relationship to hydrographic factors-a study at the old port in Mangalore, coastal Arabian sea Indian journal of marine sciences NISCAIR 38(2) 224-234 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at -
  • Plankton*Net Data Provider at the Alfred Wegener Insitute for Polar and Marine Research Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-02-01

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