Vespicula trachinoides   (Cuvier,  1829) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Winterbottom, R.

Size: 5.8- 7.5 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens brownish. Spinous dorsal with oblique bands and markings, soft dorsal and anal light with a broad, sub-terminal, brown band, proximally followed by narrow bands. Pectorals light brown with dark brown spots, forming numerous transverse bands. Ventrals light, brown towards the tip. Caudal light with a few brown, transverse bands in its distal part.

Height 2.7-3, 3.5-3.8 in length with caudal. Head 2.7-3, 3.4-3.8 in length with caudal. Eye 4.2-4.8, 1.1-1.3 in snout. Inter-orbital space flat, equal to eye. Preorbital with two spines, a small anterior one, directed downwards, and a larger one, almost half length of eye, directed backwards. Preopercular spine about as long as posterior preorbital one. Mouth very oblique. Maxillary reaching to below posterior border of eye. Villiform bands of teeth in jaws, on vomer, and on palatines. Origin of dorsal slightly before hind border of preopercle, but behind eye. Second and third dorsal spines equal to snout and eye, longer than first one. Dorsal spines increasing in length from fourth to last, which is somewhat longer than the second spine. Soft dorsal rounded, not higher than spinous dorsal. Anal spines increasing in length to the third, which is equal to postorbital part of head. Soft anal rounded, its longest rays slightly longer than longest anal spine. Pectorals pointed, as long as head. Ventrals as long as head without snout. Caudal rounded. Dorsal spines (total): 1316; Anal spines: 3. Dorsal with anterior 3 dorsal-spines forming a nearly separate fin; soft rays 3.5-5.5. Anal soft rays3.5-4.5. Orbit 6-9% SL.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Apistus trachinoides Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Apistus trachinoides Richardson, 1848
Apistus trachinoides Bleeker, 1849
Prosopodasy trachinoides Cantor, 1850
Prosopodasy trachinoides Gunther, 1860
Prosopodasy trachinoides Bleeker, 1876
Prosopodasys trachinoides Sauvage, 1878
Gymnapistus trachinoides Tirant, 1883
Prosopodasys trachinoides Seale, 1910

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Of little commercial interest and marketed fresh.)

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Sandy


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-08-16

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