Scarus scaber   Valenciennes,  1840 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 16-37 cm.

Max. weight reported: 900 g.

Color: 2 adult color phases; initial phase - upper 2/5 of body with 4 alternating slightly diagonal bars of dark grey and yellow, lower 3/4 and ventral part of head whitish with a pink cast or light yellowish, the edges of the scales dusky (except ventrally); head above level of lower edge of orbit dark grey, suffused with yellow; median and pelvic fins pale salmon-pink, pectoral fins pale yellowish; sometimes a dark stripe from side of snout through eye to upper end of opercle and a broad zone of yellow on cheek below dark stripe; dental plates whitish; terminal phase - anterior dorsal quarter of body and head purplish grey; rest of body green, the scales edges salmon-pink; upper lip edged in salmon-pink, a broad irregular blue-green band from front of snout and lower lip across cheek to edge of opercle at level of upper pectoral fin base; a narrow blue-green band extending anteriorly from upper edge of eye to just posterior of eye; a small blue-green spot posterior to center of eye; chin salmon with a transverse band of blue-green; a longitudinal row of faint blue-green spots ventrally on each side of head; dorsal fin light orange with a broad blue border; anal fins with a broad blue leading edge, middle zone of purple and lower part with blue rays and pale membranes; pelvic fins salmon-pink with a broad blue leading edge; dental plates greenish.

Body depth contained 2.4 to 3 times in standard length. Teeth fused in upper and lower jaws to form dental plates; plates smooth, the individual teeth only visible at free margins of plates; upper jaw enclosing lower jaw with the mouth closed; lips covering about 3/4 to all of dental plates; no canines on upper and lower dental plates; 4 to 7 (usually 6) median scales; 3 rows of scales on cheek, with 6 to 8 (usually 7) scales in dorsal row, 5 to 9 (usually 7 or 8) scales in meddle row, and 1 to 4 (usually 2 or 3) scales in ventral row. Pectoral fin with 12 (occasionally 11) branched rays; caudal fin lunate in initial phase, the lobes becoming produced in terminal phase fish. Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10 - 10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9.

Marked sexual dimorphism.

Synonym (s)
Callyodon cyanognathos Smith, 1959
Callyodon scaber Smith, 1956
Callyodon cyanognathus (Bleeker, 1847)
Callyodon pectoralis (Valenciennes, 1840)
Callyodon scaber (Valenciennes, 1840)
Scarus cyanognathus Bleeker, 1847
Scarus pectoralis Valenciennes, 1840

Common Name (s)
• Fivesaddle parrotfish (English)
• Five-Saddle Parrotfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Algae


• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -
  • Ghosh, S; Ganeshamurthy, R; Balamurugan, J and Kumar, TTA (2011) Reef fishing- An off season amusement at Lakshadweep Fishing chimes 31(1) 128-130 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-17

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