Coryphaena equiselis   Linnaeus,  1758 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Coryphaenidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: Maximum 75 cm; common 20 to 50 cm

Color: Back brilliant metallic blue/green in life, fading rapidly after death to grey with green tinge; flanks silvery with golden sheen and numerous black spots; dorsal fin dark. In juveniles, entire margin of caudal fin white; pelvic fins not pigmented.

Body elongate and compressed, greatest body depth in adults more than 25% of standard length; young fish (up to 30 cm) have head profile slightly convex; in larger fishes (30 to 200 cm) head profile becomes vertical with development of bony crest, more pronounced in males. A single dorsal fin from just behind eye almost to caudal fin, with 48 to 55 rays; convex anal fin from anus almost to caudal fin; pectoral fin about half of head length; caudal fin deeply forked. Tooth patch on tongue broad and square; bands of teeth on jaws, vomer and palatines.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Eggs and larvae are pelagic.

Max. age reported: 4 years


Synonym (s)
Coryphaena aurata Rafinesque, 1810
Coryphaena azorica Valenciennes, 1833
Coryphaena equisetis Linnaeus, 1758
(Misspelling)
Coryphaena equisetis Osbeck, 1765
Coryphaena lessonii Valenciennes, 1833
Lampugus neapolitanus Valenciennes, 1833
Lampugus punctulatus Valenciennes, 1833

Common Name (s)
• Pompano Dolphinfish (English)
• Pompano Dolphin Fish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish. Marketed fresh.)
Cultured:  Yes

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small fishes and squids
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-19

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