Herklotsichthys punctatus   (Ruppell,  1837) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: Maximum 14 cm; common 10 cm

Color: Two forms, possibly distinct species. Form A: an orange midlateral line, an orange spot on shoulder and yellow/orange on base of dorsal fin, with a black patch on anterior 10 dorsal fin rays. Form B: an electric blue midlateral stripe, dorsal fin grey with at most a yellow tinge.

Fairly compressed body, its depth 3.0 to 4.5 times in standard length; belly sharp with keeled scutes (17 to 18 before pelvic fin base, 11 to 14 behind). Top of head with 3 to 6 longitudinal fronto-parietal stripe. Lower part of 2nd supromaxilla longer than upper. Lower gill rakers 29 to 38.

Synonym (s)
Harengula punctata (Ruppell, 1837)
Harengula moluccensis Bleeker, 1853
Harengula kunzei Bleeker, 1856
Harengula ovalis Fowler, 1941
Clupea punctata Ruppell, 1837
Harengula arabica Valenciennes, 1847
Herclotsichthys punctatus (Ruppell, 1837)
Herkloteichthys punctatus (Ruppell, 1837)
Spratella erythraea Klunzinger, 1870

Common Name (s)
• Spotted Herring (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, boiled or made into fish balls.)

Habitat:  Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small planktonic organisms


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Coastal Fishery Resources in Countries Bordering Indian Ocean Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-18

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