Calotomus carolinus   (Valenciennes,  1840) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 20-54 cm.

Color: Grayish brown when fresh with scales with fine whitish markings, shading to brownish red ventrally; head paler ventrally, an indistinct orange-brown line from orbit to upper lip; posterior to orbit, 3 short dull reddish lines.

Body somewhat compressed, body depth contained about 2.2 to 2.7 times in standard length. Teeth not fused, but individual teeth closely applied; upper and lower jaws directly opposing with mouth closed; 1 to 3 canines on each upper jaw of both color phases (canines larger in terminal phase). 1 row of 4 or 5 cheek scales below eye; 3 or 4 (usually 4) median predorsal scales. Pectoral fins with 11 (occasionally 12) branched rays; caudal fin truncate in small specimens, becoming concave with increasing size and deeply concave in large specimens. Flexible dorsal spines. Caudal fin rounded in juveniles, double emarginate with slightly prolonged lobes in large males. Skin black around anus. Lateral line interrupted. Brownish red pelvic fins with blotches or spots. Dull reddish-brown iris. Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10 - 10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 25.

Synonym (s)
Calotomus spinidens Schultz, 1958
Calotomus sandwicensis (Valenciennes, 1840)

Common Name (s)
• Carolines parrotfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Prey:  Seagrasses and algae



Literature Source(s)
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-05-11

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