Carangoides ciliarius   (Ruppell,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: Maximum 60 cm; common 30 cm

Colour: Blue above, silvery below; occasional darker bands across body in juveniles; fins pale or yellow; black spot on operculum.

An ovate, strongly compressed carangid. Head profile steep, with a slight notch before eye and a hump at nape. Teeth in jaws in villiform bands; teeth present on vomer and palatines (roof of mouth). Gill rakers 20 to 23 on lower limb of 1st arch. 1st dorsal fin with 1 forward-pointing spine (partially embedded in skin) and 8 normal spines; 2nd dorsal fin with 1 spine and 20 to 21 soft rays; 1st dorsal fin ray 0.5 to 0.7 times in head length. Anal and dorsal fin bases subequal; dorsal and anal fins elongate anteriorly, forming falcate lobes (specimens larger than 26 cm have soft dorsal and anal fin rays filamentous). Pectoral fins long and falcate. Anal fin with 2 detached spines followed by 1 spine and 16 to 17 soft rays. Breast naked to behind pelvic fin and up to and including base of pectoral fin; 15 to 20 feeble scutes on straight portion of lateral line, which starts below 13th dorsal fin ray; curved portion moderately arched, 1/4 longer than posterior straight portion.

Synonym (s)
Caranx armatus (Forsskal, 1775)
Caranx ciliaris (Ruppell, 1830)
Citula armata (Forsskal, 1775)
Citula armatus (Forsskal, 1775)
Citula ciliaria Ruppell, 1830
Sciaena armata Forsskal, 1775

Common Name (s)
• Longfin Cavalla (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed mostly fresh; also dried salted.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans and fishes


• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Sreenivasan, PV (1974) On two new records of carangid fishes from Indian seas Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 21 (1) 20-28 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-06-14

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