Pomatomus saltatrix   (Linnaeus,  1766) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 60-120 cm.

Color: Back greenish blue, sides and belly silvery; dorsal and anal fins pale green tinged with yellow; pectoral fins bluish at base; caudal fin dull greenish tinged with yellow.

A large species with a sturdy, compressed body and large head. Mouth large, terminal, lower jaw sometimes slightly projecting; jaw teeth prominent, sharp, compressed, in a single series. Two dorsal fins, the first short and low, with 7 or 8 feeble spines connected by a membrane, the second long with 1 spine and 23 to 28 soft rays; pectoral fins short, not reaching to origin of soft dorsal fin; anal fin a little shorter than soft dorsal fin, with 2 spines and 23 to 27 soft fin rays; caudal fin forked, but not deeply so. Scales small, covering head and body and bases of fins; lateral line almost straight.

Synonym (s)
Cheilodipterus heptacanthus Lacepede, 1801
(junior synonym)
Cheilodipterus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766)
(senior synonym)
Chromis epicurorum Gronow, 1854
(junior synonym)
Gasterosteus saltatrix Linnaeus, 1766
(senior synonym)
Gonenion serra Rafinesque, 1810
(junior synonym)
Lopharis mediterraneus Rafinesque, 1810
(junior synonym)
Perca lophar Forsskal, 1775
(junior synonym)
Pomatomix saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766)
(senior synonym)
Pomatomus pedica Whitley, 1931
(junior synonym)
Pomatomus saltator (Linnaeus, 1766)
(senior synonym)
Pomatomus skib Lacepede, 1802
(junior synonym)
Scomer sypterus Pallas, 1814
(junior synonym)
Sparactodon nalnal Rochebrune, 1880
(junior synonym)
Sypterus pallasii Eichwald, 1831
(junior synonym)
Temnodon conidens Castelnau, 1861
(junior synonym)
Temnodon saltator (Linnaeus, 1766)
(senior synonym)
Temnodon tubulus Saville-Kent, 1893

Common Name (s)
• Bluefish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquaculture, gamefish, bait.)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Other fish, crustaceans and cephalopods.


• Southwest Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents

Page last updated on:2010-05-10

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