Lophiodes mutilus   (Alcock,  1893) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: Maximum 45 cm; common to 30 cm.

Color: Uniform light to dark brown above, lighter below; pectoral fins darker distally; all fin rays with pale tips.

Head and anterior part of body broad and depressed, posterior portion of body tapering. Head with numerous sharp spines on dorsal and lateral surfaces; humeral spines (in front of pectoral fin bases) well developed, with 2 or 3 spines arising from sides; inner sphenotic spines (behind eyes) well developed but not recurved, outer sphenotic spines represented by low knobs; a pair of spines present medial to the frontal spines (inner frontal spines); frontal ridges (running forward from eyes smooth; gill openings extending well in front of pectoral fin bases. First dorsal fin consisting of 3 isolated spines on head (cephalic spines) and 1 or 2 very short or completely imbedded spines behind head (post-cephalic spines); first cephalic dorsal fin spine modified into an angling apparatus and bearing a fleshy bait (esca) consisting of a lightly pigmented bulb; second cephalic dorsal fin spine scarcely longer than first; second soft dorsal fin with 8 rays; anal fin with 6 rays; pectoral fins with 15 to 18 rays. Peritoneum black.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Smooth Angles (English)
• Smooth Angler
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Benthic
Prey:  Fishes



Literature Source(s)
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-14

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