Psenopsis cyanea   (Alcock,  1890) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Max size: 20 cm

Color: Generally uniform brownish to violet, with a darker head and often with a spot on shoulder; opercles blackish and gill cavity dark.

Body moderately deep, compressed; caudal peduncle short and compressed , without keels or scutes; musculature soft. Snout is long with large eyes. A single dorsal originating over pectoral fin insertion, with 6-7 weak, short spines increasing slightly in length to the much longer 26-28 segmented rays; anal fin originating behind mid-body, with 3 or 4 weak spines and 21-23 segmented rays; pectoral fin rays 16-20; pelvic fins originating in front of pectoral fin insertions and folding into a prominent groove. Scales small, cycloid, very deciduous and extending onto bases of median fins.

Synonym (s)
Bathyseriola cyanea Alcock, 1890

Common Name (s)
• Indian Ruff (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Demersal, Coastal


• East Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Off Kollam INDIA (Depth: -(250-300) mts)
• Kerala INDIA
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 8.7) (Long: 73) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 71-329 mts)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 14.5) (Long: 76.18) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 71-329 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• West Coast INDIA (Record: 1998-2000) (Depth: 201-600 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Jayasankar, P; Pillai, NGK; Rajagopalan, M and Sobhana, KS (2007) Night fishing for oceanic tunas at Vishakhapatnam CMFRI newsletter Modayil, MJ 113 1-11 Available at -
  • Venu, S and Kurup, BM (2002) Distribution and abundance of deep sea fishes along the west coast of India Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 39(1) 20-26 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-27

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