Cheimerius nufar   (Valenciennes,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 25-60 cm.

Color: Rosy pink above, silvery below (turns to purplish pink after death), juveniles with 6 darker pink bars across head (through eye) and body, adults lose bars and have a dark blue spot on each scale on upper body. Dorsal, caudal and pectoral fins rosy, anal and pelvic fins bluish with pink streaks in centre of rays.

Body moderately deep, compressed. Head profile gently convex from upper lip to dorsal fin origin (sometimes a slight bump developing before eyes with age), snout rather sharp; eye diameter shorter than snout length; a narrow band of small villiform teeth, the outer lateral series enlarged, especially the 4 to 6 caniniform teeth at front of both jaws; no molars; gillrakers 13 to 15 on lower limb of first arch. Dorsal fin single, with 11 or 12 spines and 10 or 11 rays, the first 2 spines short, 3rd to 7th elongate (shorter in adults); anal fin with 3 spines and 8 rays; first pelvic ray elongate; caudal fin forked, with pointed lobes. Scales moderate, 58 to 63 in lateral line; preopercle flange naked, except for a few small scales on inner margin; scales on top of head reaching to beyond a line through middle of eye.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Dentex nufar Valenciennes, 1830

Common Name (s)
• Santer Seabream (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh, whole or dried.)

Habitat:  Benthic, Rocky, Coastal



Literature Source(s)
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-05-26

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