Siganus lineatus   (Valenciennes,  1835) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 20-40 cm.

Color: Blue above to silver below. Horizontal golden bands, some broken, running the length of the sides, breaking up into spots near bases of dorsal and anal fins and also on caudal peduncle. Head golden with blue spots and lines convoluted into various shapes, the most constant being a diagonal line across cheek from below orbit to corner of mouth. A bright yellow spot, about size of orbit, at base of last few rays of dorsal fin. Caudal fin bluish with rows of golden spots which appear as 3 or 4 crossbars on the folded fin; dorsal fin spines golden on a dusky membrane; dorsal in rays silvery on a bluish membrane, with a row of golden spots at bases of rays; anal fin spines golden on a dusky blue membrane; anal fin rays bluish, membrane dusky with a golden spot at base and a bar above in each membrane cell; pelvic fins dusky blue, outer spine and ray silvery, other rays dusky; pectoral fins hyaline.

Body deep and compressed, its depth contained 1.9 to 2.2 times in standard length. Dorsal profile of head descending fairly steeply, slightly concave before eye; anterior nostril with a low flange slightly expanded posteriorly. A forward-directed spine present in front of dorsal fin, imbedded in nape; longest dorsal spine the 4th to 7th and only a little longer than (1.1 times) last dorsal spine; longest anal spine the last, about 1.7 times the length of the first; caudal fin emarginate. Scales minute; cheeks covered with prominent scales; 19 to 25 scale rows between lateral line and bases of leading dorsal fin spines.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Spawning apparently occurs not until the fish is 2 years old.

Synonym (s)
Teuthis lineata (Valenciennes, 1835)
Amphacanthus lineatus Valenciennes, 1835
Siganus aurolineatus Ogilby, 1912
Teuthis flava De Vis, 1884
Teuthis lineatus (Valenciennes, 1835)

Common Name (s)
• Golden Lined Spinefoot (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Seaweeds and seagrasses


• South Coast INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at -
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-05

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