Epinephelus quoyanus   (Valenciennes,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Maximum 35 cm.

Color: Head and body pale, with numerous, round, dark brown spots about pupil size; some spots at dorsal fin base larger and darker than others on body; chest pale with 2 vague diagonal dark brown bands; pectoral fin dusky, with a dark brown bar across dorsal 3/4 of base and obscure dark spots more distinct on inner surface of fin; spots on median fins darker than those on body.

Body depth contained 3.0 to 3.6 times in standard length. Interorbital area concave, its least width contained 1.4 to 1.7 times in eye diameter, and eye diameter contained 1.1 to 1.5 times in least depth of caudal peduncle of fish larger than 15 cm standard length; preopercle serrae mostly covered by skin; lower gillrakers 13 to 16. Dorsal fin with 11 spines and 16 to 18 soft rays; anal fin with 3 spines and 8 soft rays; pectoral rays 17 to 19; pectoral fins 1.2 to 1.5 times in head length; caudal fin rounded. Pored lateral line scales 47 to 50; body scales mostly cycloid (smooth).

Protogynous, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Cephalopholis megachir (Richardson, 1846)
Epinephelus gilberti (Richardson, 1842)
Epinephelus megachir (Richardson, 1846)
Epinephelus quoyans (Valenciennes, 1830)
Perca melanocelidota Gronow, 1854
Serranus alatus Alleyne & Macleay, 1877
Serranus carinatus Alleyne & Macleay, 1877
Serranus gilberti Richardson, 1842
Serranus megachir Richardson, 1846
Serranus pardalis Bleeker, 1848
Serranus quoyanus Valenciennes, 1830

Common Name (s)
• Barred Chest Grouper (English)
• Honeycomb Grouper (English)
• Pulli Cullawah (Tamil)
• Bontoo (Telugu)
• Longfin grouper (English)
• Kalava
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Sold fresh or dried salted in local markets.
Reported to cause ciguatera poisoning.)

Habitat:  Coastal
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-01-17

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