Prognichthys brevipinnis   (Valenciennes,  1847) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Beloniformes
Family:Exocoetidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Max size: 19 cm standard length.

Color: dark above, pale below, the dark color usually iridescent blue in life; dorsal fin greyish; pectoral fins grey above, lower part and tip transparent; pelvic fins unpigmented (in juveniles both pectoral and pelvic fins black).

Body elongate, thick, somewhat flattened ventrally. Head shorter than distance between dorsal fin origin and origin of upper caudal fin lobe; lower jaw a little shorter than the upper; upper jaw not protrusible; lower jaw included beneath the upper; palatine teeth (on root of mouth) absent. Dorsal fin with 10 to 11 rays, anal fin with 8 to 10 rays; anal fin origin 3 to 5 rays behind origin of dorsal fin; dorsal fin low, rays at anterior end the longest; pectoral fins strikingly long, 65 to 70% of standard length, with 3 unbranched rays; pelvic fins abdominal, large, reaching well beyond anal fin origin, their insertions closer to anal fin origin than to pectoral fin insertion and much nearer to hind margin of head than to origin of lower caudal fin lobe. Pectoral branch of lateral line absent. Scale rows across back in front of dorsal fin (predorsal scales) 25 to 28. Juveniles without chin barbels.

It is capable of leaping out of the water and gliding for long distances above the surface.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Shortfin Flyingfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic

Biogeography


• Arabian Sea
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-13

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