Exocoetus monocirrhus   Richardson,  1846 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Beloniformes
Family:Exocoetidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Max size: About 20 cm standard length.

Color: Dark above, pale below, dark color usually iridescent blue in life; dorsal fin greyish; pectoral fins grey.

Body elongate, thick, somewhat flattened ventrally, its depth usually greater than 20% of standard length. Upper jaw not protrusible; gillrakers on first arch 21 to 29. Dorsal fin with 13 or 14 rays, anal fin with 12 to 14 rays, their bases opposite; dorsal fin low, rays at anterior end the longest; pectoral fins strikingly long, 70 to 75% of standard length; pelvic fins short, far from reaching anal fin, their insertion closer to pectoral fin insertion than to anal fin origin. Pectoral branch of lateral line absent. Usually 7 transverse rows of scales between dorsal fin origin and lateral line. Juveniles hump-backed, with a single chin barbel and with black pelvic fins.

It is capable of leaping out of the water and gliding for long distances above the surface.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Barbel Flyingfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Planktonic copepods
Predator:  Bony fish (Thunnus albacares), Dolphin (Stenella attenuata)

Biogeography


• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-13

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