Cheilopogon cyanopterus   (Valenciennes,  1847) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: Maximum about 29 cm standard length.

Color: dark above, pale below, the dark colors usually iridescent blue in life; dorsal fin with a prominent black spot; pectoral fins dark, blue in life, without a pale transverse stripe or dark spots; pelvic fins without spots (with a dark spot in juveniles).

Body elongate, thick, somewhat flattened ventrally. Head approximately equal to distance between dorsal fin origin and origin of upper caudal fin lobe; jaws of equal length; upper jaw not protrusible; lower jaw not included beneath the upper; palatine teeth (on roof of mouth) usually present. Dorsal fin with 12 to 14 rays, anal fin with 9 to 11; anal fin origin 5 to 7 rays behind origin of dorsal fin; dorsal fin low, rays at anterior end the longest; pectoral fins strikingly long, 65 to 70% of standard length, only the first ray unbranched; pelvic fins abdominal, large, reaching well beyond anal fin origin, their insertion closer to anal fin origin than to pectoral fin insertion and much nearer to hind margin of head than to origin of lower caudal fin lobe. Pectoral branch of lateral line absent. Scale rows across back in front of dorsal fin (redorsal scales) 33 to 41. Juveniles with a pair of long chin barbels (about equal to standard length in some individuals and without lateral flaps.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Margined Flyingfish (English)
• Haimeenu (Kannada)
• Parava (Malayalam)
• Karuthaparava (Malayalam)
• Gobiranga (Telugu)
• Kola (Tamil)
• Paravai-kola (Tamil)
• Paravaimeen (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Pelagic
Prey:  Zooplankton
Predator:  Bony fish (Coryphaena hippurus), Sea birds (Anous stolidus, Sterna fuscata)



Literature Source(s)
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-13

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