Macroramphosus scolopax   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Syngnathiformes
Family:Centriscidae

Image copyrights: Patzner, R.

Description
Size: 20 cm.

Color: Reddish pink. silvery below.

Body somewhat elongate and compressed without scales. Head elongate, the snout produced as a slender tube; mouth small and verminal; eyes lateral, large, their diameter contained about 4.5 times in snout length. First dorsal fin with second spine large and serrate on rear margin, other spine stout but short; second dorsal and anal fins with short, slender rays; caudal peduncle short. Scales small, finely toothed giving the body a "sandpapery" feeling; 2 rows of bony plates embedded in the skin on the back between head and dorsal fin. Mouth is placed at the end of the long tubular snout.


Synonym (s)
Balistes scolopax Linnaeus, 1758
Macroramphosus gracilis (Lowe, 1839)
Macrorhamphosus velitaris (Pallas, 1776)
Centriscus scolopax (Linnaeus, 1758)
Centriscus squamosus Bloch, 1785
Centriscus velitaris Pallas, 1770
Macroramphosus velitaris (Pallas, 1770)
Macrorhamphosus scolopax (Linnaeus, 1758)
Silurus cornutus Forsskal, 1775
Solenostomus scolopax (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name (s)
• Longspine Snipefish (English)
• Longspine Spinefish (English)
• Snipefish (English)
• Longspine Snipe
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Used for fish-meal and oil, Fisheries; public aquariums.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Sandy
Prey:  copepods,

Biogeography


• Southwest Coast INDIA
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 7.25) (Long: 77) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 200 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5269/1/43.pdf
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org

Page last updated on:2011-02-08

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