Argyrosomus amoyensis   (Bleeker,  1863) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: Maximum 38 cm; common to 30 cm

Color: Greyish above and white silvery below; brownish oblique wavy streaks on upper half of body; a pale yellow longitudinal stripe above lateral line; a black spot at pectoral fin base and a dark blotch on gill cover.

A fairly large species with a big terminal mouth, the jaws meeting evenly in front; teeth in both jaws differentiated into large and small, the large ones not canine-like, forming the outer series in upper jaw, and the inner series in the lower; rostral pores 3, marginal pores 5; mental pores in 3 pairs, the first small and rounded at front of chin, the others as small slits; sagitta (large earstone) with a tadpole-shaped impression, the tail of which is J-shaped; gillrakers rather slender, 8 on lower limb of first arch. Dorsal fin with 10 spines, followed by a notch, second part of fin with 1 spine and 25 to 28 soft rays; pectoral fins short, about 17% of standard length; anal fin with 2 spines and 7 soft rays, the second spine 1/2 the length of the longest soft fin ray or 1/4 of head length; caudal fin rhomboid in adults. Scales cycloid (smooth) on snout and below eye, elsewhere ctenoid (rough to touch); pectoral fin axil scaleless; lateral line scales reaching to tip of caudal fin. Swimbladder carrot-shaped, with 22 to 29 pairs of arborescent appendages of approximately equal size, branching in a rather ragged-looking fan shape; none entering the head.

Synonym (s)
Sciaena bleekeri Day, 1876
Pseudosciaena amoyensis Bleeker, 1863
Pseudosciaena indica Tang, 1937
Nibea milchthyoides Chu, Lo & Wu, 1963
Argyrosomus bleekeri Talwar and Joglekar, 1972

Common Name (s)
• Amoy Croaker (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh; also dried salted; swimbladder dried.)

Habitat:  Benthic, Muddy, Coastal


• Arabian Sea INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Sciaenid Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-27

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