Kallichroma tethys   (Kohlm. & Kohlm.) Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm.,  1993 (Marine Fungus)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Fungi
Phylum:Ascomycota
Class: Sordariomycetes
Order:Hypocreales
Family:Bionectriaceae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Ascomata 250-400 µm high, 300-360 µm diameter, subglobose or depressed ellipsoidal, gregarious, fleshy-leathery, orange yellowish, epapillate or clypeoid, immersed, ostiolate. Ostiolar canal conical, lined with periphyses. Paraphyses present, dissolving at maturity.
Asci 70.0-96 x 15-22 µm, 8-spored, unitunicate, aphysoclastic, clavate or subcylindrical, short pedunculate, thin-walled, without apical apparatus.
Ascospores 16-24 x 8-12 µm, ellipsoidal or ovoid, 1-septate, somewhat below the center, slightly constricted at the septum, hyaline with longitudinal ridges running around the spore from one pole to the other.


Synonym (s)
Hydronectria tethys Kohlm. & E. Kohlm., 1965

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Kerala, Valapattanam INDIA (Record: 02/2001-05/2001)
• Karnataka, Honavar INDIA (Record: 02/2001-05/2001)
• Goa, Panaji INDIA (Record: 02/2001-05/2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Delta INDIA
• Kerala INDIA (Record: 05/2005-05/2007)
• West Coast INDIA
• Karnataka, Udyavara Mangrove INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Delta (Lat: 16.23) (Long: 82.23) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Delta (Lat: 16.75) (Long: 82.33) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta (Lat: 15.83) (Long: 80.75) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta (Lat: 15.91) (Long: 80.83) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Karnataka, Nethravathi Mangrove (Lat: 12.83) (Long: 74.83) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Maria, GL and Sridhar, KR (2002) Richness and diversity of filamentous fungi on woody litter of mangroves along the west coast of India Current Science Current Science Association and the Indian Academy of Sciences 83(12) 1573-1580 Available at - http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/dec252002/1573.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sarma, VV (1999) Marine lignicolous fungi. A database on taxonomy NIO, Goa Available at - http://niobioinformatics.in/fungi/index.htm
  • Vittal, BRP and Sarma, VV (2006) Diversity and ecology of fungi on mangroves of Bay and Bengal region - An overview Indian journal of marine sciences NISCAIR 35(4) 308-317 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/items-by-author?author=Vittal%2C+B.P.R.
  • Nambiar, GR and Raveendran, K (2008) A checklist of marine fungi from Kerala state, India American-Eurasian Journal of Botany IDOSI Publications 1(3) 73-77 Available at - www.idosi.org/aejb/1(3)08/2.pdf
  • Prasannarai, K and Sridhar, KR (2001) Diversity and abundance of higher marine fungi on woody substrates along the west coast of India Current science Current science association 81(3) 304-311 Available at - www.ias.ac.in/currsci/aug102001/304.pdf
  • Maria, GL; and Sridhar, KR (2003) Diversity of filamentous fungi on woody litter of five mangrove plant species from the southwest coast of India Fungal Diversity Fungal Diversity Press 14 109-126 Available at - www.fungaldiversity.org/fdp/sfdp/14-9.pdf
  • Sarma, VV and Vittal, BPR (2000) Biodiversity of mangrove fungi on different substrata of Rhizophora apiculata and Avicennia spp. from Godavari and Krishna deltas, east coast of India Fungal Diversity Fungal Diversity Press 5 23-41 Available at - www.fungaldiversity.org/fdp/sfdp/FD_5_23-41.pdf
  • Sridhar, KR and Maria, GL (2006) Fungal diversity on mangrove woody litter Rhizophora mucronata (Rhizophoraceae) Indian journal of marine sciences NISCAIR 35(4) 318-325 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/1531/1/IJMS%2035%284%29%20318-325.pdf
  • Sarma, VV; Hyde, KD and Vittal, BPR (2001) Frequency of occurrence of mangrove fungi from the east coast of India Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 455 41-53 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/n31v687x50x22l77/fulltext.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-15

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