Balistes conspicillum   Bloch and Schneider  1801 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 500 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens brown, lighter below and on back from behind eye to origin of second dorsal, the scales of this part with a darker center. A broad, somewhat darker brown band connecting eyes over interorbital space. A chalky white band from below anterior border of eye to middle of snout, where it meets that of the other side. Lips white. A narrow white line encircling the mouth at some distance from the lips. Posterior part of chin, throat, and lower parts of cheeks to base of gill opening and base of pectoral chalky white, with some brown spots which grow larger posteriorly surrounding large, white, rounded blotches, the brown interspaces between these blotches growing wider posteriorly, hence the sides and belly brown with longitudinal rows of white bloches, much larger than eye, three of these rows between pectoral and caudal peduncle, a row of five below these and some more on belly and along base of anal, where the blotches are smaller and elongate. Caudal peduncle chalky white, the bases of the spines dark brown. First dorsal dark brown, basal part of membrane between first and second dorsal spines light. Second dorsal and anal light brown, a narrow basal light longitudinal band, apparently red in life. Caudal light brownish with a broad dark brown terminal band.

Upper profile origin of first dorsal to tip of snout almost straight, a very slight concavity on snout. Height 2, 2.3 in length with caudal. Head 3.2, 3.7 in length with caudal. Eye 4.46, 3.46 in snout and 1.7 in almost flat interorbital space. Gill opening slightly oblique, its lower end in vertical through hind border of eye. A group of enlarged scales or rounded bony plates gill opening. Cheeks totally covered with scales which are much smaller than those of sides of body and tail. A groove before the eye. Lips thick. Origin of first dorsal almost one eye diameter behind vertical through hind border of eye. First diameter behind vertical through hind border of eye. First dorsal spine depressed, its broad anterior side covered with crowded spinules, its length about two thirds of snout. Second dorsal spine three fifths of first spine. Third spine one third of second spine, its origin at equal distance from first spine and origin of second dorsal. Longest rays of second dorsal and of anal about as long as second dorsal spine. Origin of anal below fifth dorsal ray. Upper rays of pectoral longest, longer than dorsal rays. Ventral spine short, movable, covered with blunt spines. Caudal rounded. Least depth of caudal peduncle 1.4 in its length. Scales covered with rather regular rows of tubercles. Three longitudinal rows of antrorse spines on caudal peduncle and on posterior part of tail, the median one longest, of about 10 spines, the upper one of about 4 spines on tail only, the lower one on caudal peduncle and tail, almost as long as the median one. A row of two spines may be present above the upper one.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Balistes niger Bonnaterre 1788
Balistes conspicillum Bloch Schneider 1801
Balistes conspicillum Lesson 1830
Balistes conspicillum Schlegel 1950
Balistes conspicillum Cantor 1850
Balistes conspicillum Bleeker 1852
Balistes (Balistapus) conspicillum Bleeker 1865
Balistapus conspicillum Kner 1867
Balistes conspicillum Gunther 1870
Balistes conspicillum Day 1878
Pachynathus conspicillum Jordan and Fowler 1902
Balistes niger Jordan and Seale 1906
Balistes conspicillum Gunther 1910
Balistes niger Herre 1924
Balistes conspicillum Fowler 1928
Balistes conspicillum P. J. Schmidt 1930
Balistes conspicillum J. L. B. Smith 1935
Balistoides conspicillum Whitely 1937
Balistoides conspicillum J. L. B. Smith 1950

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1962)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar INDIA (Record: 1962)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-03-16

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