Balistes stellatus   (Lacepde) Anonymous  1798 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Tetraodontiformes
Family:Balistidae

Description
Size: 740 mm.

Color: Variable, darker above, lighter below. Three milky white blotched on back, one below first dorsal spine, the second below interspace between third spine and origin of second dorsal, the third below middle of second dorsal, generally distinct in preserved specimens. In very young specimens these blotches are comparatively larger and very conspicuous, the back and the greater part of the membrane of the first dorsal being black. In life the head of large specimens is decorated with light blue bands, back with light blue bands, back with light blue spots, scales of sides of body and tail with a light blue hue. Second dorsal and anal with longitudinal dark band. Ventral spine and ventral flap white.

Upper profile between base of first dorsal and tip pf snout somewhat arched. Height 2.1, 2.4 in length with caudal. Head 3.2, 4 in length with caudal. Eye 3.4, 2.5 in snout and 1.14 in flat interorbital space. A deep, narrow slit before eye, below nostrils which are situated in a pit. Lips not very thick. Median teeth in jaw somewhat longer than next ones at the sides. Gill opening somewhat oblique, its lower end in vertical through hindborder of eye. Two larger and one smaller bony plates behind gill opening. Cheeks totally scaled. Origin of first dorsal above superior end of gill opening. First dorsal spine compressed, its anterior side covered with small spinules and tubercles, its length equal to distance between eye and corner of mouth. Second dorsal spine close to first and two thirds of its length, third spine about half length of second, slightly nearer base of second dorsal than base of first spine. Fourth or fifth rays of second dorsal longest, slightly shorter than second spine, last dorsal ray half as long as longest ray. Anal similar to soft dorsal, its origin below that of soft dorsal. Upper pectoral rays longest, as long as second dorsal spine, lower most ray half as long. Ventral spine movable, Sometimes immovable, covered with tubercles and spinules, a few bifid spines at its end. Posterior margin of caudal somewhat wavy, the upper and lower rays produced, much so in large specimens. Caudal peduncle almost cylindrical, as deep as broad, its depth 3 in its length. Scales covered with regular longitudinal rows of pointed tubercles which are more crowded on head than on body and tail. Three longitudinal rows of scales on posterior part of tail and on caudal peduncle each with a more or less serrated ridge, apparently formed by coalescence of the tubercles.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Balistes stellaris Bloch Schneider 1801
Balistes stellatus Ruppell 1828
Balistes vachellii Richardson 1844
Balistes phaleratus Richardson 1846
Balistes stellatus Bleeker 1852
Balistes forcipatus Bleeker 1859
Leiurus stellatus Bleeker 1865
Leiurus stellatus Kner 1867
Balistes stellatus Gunther 1870
Balistes stellatus Klunzinger 1871
Balistes stellatus Day 1878
Balistes stellatus Macleay 1881
Balistes stellatus Gunther 1910
Balistes stellaris var. phaleratus McCulloch 1913
Balistes stellatus Rendahl 1921
Abalistes stellaris Herre 1924
Balistes stellatus Barnard 1927
Abalistes stellaris Fowler 1928
Balistes stellatus Machan 1930
Balistes stellatus Fowler 1936
Abalistes stellatus Whitely 1941
Abalistes stellatus Blegvad 1944
Abalistes stellaris J. L. B. Smith 1950
Abalistes stellaris Munro 1955

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• INDIA (Record: 1962)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1962)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-03-16

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