Pseudotriacanthus strigilifer   (Cantor,  1849) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 172 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens brown above, yellowish below. Fins yellowish hyaline.

Height 2.57, 3.06 in length with caudal. Head 3.3, 3.97 in length with caudal. Eye oval, 3, 2.16 in snout and equal to interorbital space. Profile of head with a slight concavity between tip of snout and nostrils, straight and slightly less oblique from there to base of dorsal. Interorbital space strong, as long as distance between corner of mouth and gill opening. Second dorsal spine less strong, as long as distance between corner of mouth and lower border of eye, third as long as longest diameter of eye, and 2.5 in length of second spine, fourth shorter than third spine, fifth shorter than fourth spine. Distance between end of first dorsal and beginning of second dorsal equal to longest diameter of eye. Median rays of soft dorsal twice as long as last rays and about as long as third dorsal spine. Origin of anal below tenth dorsal ray. Base of anal 1.8 in that of second dorsal. Anterior anal rays longer than longest dorsal rays. Anal rays gradually decreasing in length posteriorly, the last one half as long as the anterior ones. Pectorals as long as anterior anal rays and equal to half length of snout. Ventral spines as strong as first dorsal spine, but somewhat shorter. Caudal forked. Caudal peduncle tapering to base of caudal, its length 4.75 in length of fish without caudal, its greatest depth 1.6 in its length. About 40 scales between end of second dorsal and end of anal. Scales with several transverse ridges and without prominent spines.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Triacanthus strigilifer Cantor, 1850
Triacanthus longirostris Hollard, 1854
Triacanthus strigilifer Bleeker, 1857
Triacanthus strigilifer Gunther, 1870
Triacanthus strigilifer Day, 1878
Triacanthus strigilifer Tate Regan, 1903
Triacanthus strigilifer Annandale and Jenkins, 1910
Triacanthus strigilifer Herre, 1924
Triacanthus strigilifer Fowler, 1928
Triacanthus strigilifer Blegvad, 1944
Pseudotriacanthus strigilifer Munro, 1955
Triacanthus strigilifer Cantor, 1849
Triacanthus striglifer Cantor, 1849

Common Name (s)
• Long Spined Tripod Fish (English)
• Chamat (Konkani)
• Kilathi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh)

Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Benthic invertebrates


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 12/2008)
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Lakshmi, A and Sundaramanickam, A (2011) Biodiversity of reef ichthyofauna in Cuddalore coast, southeast coast of India International Journal of Environmental Sciences Integrated Publishing Association 1(7) 1616-1621 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-10

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